God has an announcement to make! (Ps 110)

Publié le 9 août 2020 dans Traductions

Societal introduction!
According to the Usine Nouvelle newspaper of 06/24/2020, the days go by and the economic consequences of the Covid-19 crisis seem to be worsening.

According to the IMF, the recession in the French GDP (-12.8%) in 2020 will be
one of the worst in Europe.
According to The Parisian of 07/31/2020, we are going to experience an
unparalleled collapse. Since the National Institute of Statistics (Insee) has measured the economic activity of France, the national economy has never
known such a plunge.
These results are not just numbers. The economic recession obviously has an
impact on employment: in the second quarter, the number of people registered
with the Pôle Emploi (the unemployment office) jumped, with 815,000 additional
“The first wave of unemployment led to the non-renewal of thousands of temporary jobs such as fixed-term contracts and temporary contracts. The
800,000 young graduates who arrive on the job market in September will have
difficulty finding a job, and several companies risk going bankrupt by the end of the year.”
Debt explodes, revenues wither. The slowdown in economic activity will strain the State’s tax revenues and widen the public deficit. In addition, the State has made a choice of solidarity by spending tens of billions of euros to finance partial
unemployment and save as many jobs as possible during confinement. A choice
that comes at a cost: the weight of the debt, which was already close to 100% of
GDP before the health crisis, will explode, to more than 112% at the end of the
year, according to government estimates.
Not to mention the emotional impact on all generations. According to an article in
the La Croix of 04/27/2020, even if young people between the ages of 18 and 30
are less worried about their health in the face of the coronavirus pandemic, the
crisis is having a strong impact on their future plans and prospects, at a time of
their lives already characterized by uncertainty. While fear of the future and of

insecurity can affect the entire population in this crisis, young adults between the
ages of 18 and 30 are seeing their lives profoundly disrupted, in a period of
existence already marked by uncertainty.
According to France Culture in its program « covid-19-les-previsions-dramatiques-
du-Printemps » (COVID-19 The Dramatic Forecasts of Spring), it does not hesitate,
2020 will be worse than 1929 … echoing the worst economic experience that the
West has experienced …
You are going to tell me that we did not come this morning to listen to the 20h
(evening news broadcast) or BFM Radio.
And yet, this is the daily reality that awaits us in the days, weeks and months to
Faced with this, there is something to worry about …
There is something to feed a certain anxiety as the circumstances are uncertain,
worrying, and will soon be real for many of us.
In the face of this, does the Bible perhaps have something to tell us? Do you feel
the leading question?
Certainly … but let’s agree together to turn our eyes towards those towards
whom it projects its Focus, its light …
I invite you to read with me a Psalm, certainly a Psalm, not like the others … but a
Psalm … the Psalm most quoted in the NT….
Sramos version (melting pot, Sem, BFC, NBS and N21)
Psalms 110
1 From David. Psalm
Declaration of the Lord (YHWH) to my Lord (Adoni)
Sit on my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool!
2 The Lord (YHWH) will stretch out from Zion the scepter of your power:
Dominate in the midst of your enemies!
3Your people are willing on this day when you gather your army in holy
ornaments, your young men come to you like the dew that is born of the dawn.

4 The Lord (YHWH) has taken this oath, he will not take back his word: You are a
priest forever in the manner of Melkizedek
5 The Lord (Adonai) is at your right hand; he crushes kings in the day of his wrath.
6 He exercises judgment He exercises judgment among the nations: all is full of
dead bodies; he crushes the ruler of a great land.
7 On the way he drinks from the brook; therefore he lifted up his head.
Why is this Psalm not like the others?
The psalms (songs and prayers) usually describe to us the interior, the heart of the
psalmist. It is easy to identify with his cries of distress, his hopes, his cries for help.
Yet this one, even though it is part of the Psalter, does not tell us anything about
David’s experience.
Even if David is the author, he does not tell us anything about him.
So you will tell me, but why did Samuel choose this one?
Precisely for that !!!
Precisely because this psalm says nothing about him, and it says nothing, about us
(at least not directly) …
we need to hear it this morning …
It invites us to de-center ourselves, and our own emotions, to turn to God and his
projects …
This psalm, a prophetic word?
Now this Psalm in its very structure in v. 1 and v. 4 tells us bluntly … Oracle of the Lord (YHWH)
Oath of the Lord (YHWH)
The personal God, who revealed himself under that name to the ancestor of Israel, has a word, a declaration to be made … (v.1), and even an oath (v.4) … which, if it was necessary to be pressed, He will not go back on … (v.4)
But this word, this declaration, this oath does not concern us at first sight. They
are not words for us …
They are intended, says the Psalm, for « my Lord », for a human being–the Hebrew
term does not leave any ambiguity, make no mistake about it, even if I have
intentionally kept the ambiguity … the Lord is not speaking to himself, he is
speaking, through the Psalmist, to someone whom the psalmist considers to be his Lord … superior to him …

One wonders to whom this word can be addressed when one knows the
greatness of the Davidic kingship.
David, the great King after the heart of the Lord, the one to whom the Lord had
the promise of a dynasty forever on the throne (you can read the story in 2
Samuel 7), wrote this word concerning his successor, without knowing too well
about whom it was speaking … Who is it talking about?
1 / The Psalmist receives the revelation of a King appointed by God
To this man, the Eternal (YHWH) the only God:
 summons him to sit on his right (v, 1)
o until I make your enemies your footstool! (see v.1)
 hands him the scepter of his power of Zion (see v.2)
 Invites him to dominate in the midst of his enemies (see v.2)
 Even his people are willing to follow him (v.3)
 The Lord (Adonai) is at your right hand, he crushes kings in the day of his
wrath. (v.5)
 He exercises judgment. He exercises judgment among the nations: all is full
of corpses, he crushes the ruler of a vast land. (v.6)
This language is obscure. Let’s decrypt it a bit.
“To be seated to the right” of the sovereign was a place of honor, the place of the
one who held the highest office and whose power was limited only by the one
who entrusted the authority to him.
Illustration: a sort of prime minister next to the President
All the Kings of Israel, and this is also the case for this one since he is « of Zion »
(v.2) was chosen by the Lord … except that he is supposed to sit in the right hand
of God … the sovereign … the Almighty God …
In addition, God provided that these enemies would be subjected to him (v. 1: to
have the enemies as a footstool: as the ancient thrones were placed very high, it
took steps to climb to the top and the Egyptian kings set their foot on the neck of
the vanquished.

In v.5 and v.6, inversely, this King is no longer on the right, it is God who stands
this time on his right so that the victory of this King is manifest « among the
nations » (v.6) and « in the midst of kings » (v.5)
This worldwide success never happened…for the king of Israel.
For David, this King, this descendant, is the object of hope. His reign is greater
than his, and His closeness to the Lord is astounding …
A few remarks on this King.
God and this King are perfectly united.
God holds up the scepter. But it’s the King who is invited to sit down and have
dominion, to rule
Illustration: As in a relay race … to the question Who wins the race? we must
necessarily respond and put the whole team on the podium
Thus, like all Israelite kings, This Messiah will not rule on his own, but he will
exercise his kingship as Viceroy of the true King who is God (YHWH).
no pastor leads on his own, he derives his authority from the Lord and God. The
church does not belong to him, he did not receive it from another, he acts as a
shepherd subject to a great shepherd. The EBTM is not the Church of Vincent, of
Tim KNIKERBOKER, or of I do not know which Samuel, and undoubtedly, more
subtly, it is not even the Church of the members of EBTM who have chosen the
No, she is the Church of the Lord, of God. All those in charge, whoever they are,
must remember this when they lead her …
God had made the promise to David, of royal lineage that would never see an
end, perhaps he sees the promise continued through this Psalm.
These first verses of the Psalm are the most cited among the New Testament (+25
times) .. and considered to be accomplished in Jesus of Nazareth.

For Peter and the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, Jesus is not only greater
than David (‘for David did not ascend into heaven’ Acts 2 ‘) but also greater than
the angels (,’ to what an angel did he ever say: right hand… « ? ‘Heb. 1);
Jesus was exalted by God as insistently as man rejected him (Acts 5:30)
Jesus is seated, his task is finished (Hb 10).
Jesus is invited to reign « in the midst » of his enemies. His reign began in the midst
of his enemies even though He waited « until » the last surrender (Heb. 10:13)
when his enemies were made a stool for his feet ‘; (cf. also 1 Cor. 15: 25f.).
Jesus will do nothing on his own, he will only seek to do the will of his Father
From the King, the Psalm announces that a people will present themselves
voluntarily to follow him … (v.3).
In the same way, Jesus Christ invites each human being to a voluntary offering, to
offer him all his life.
He calls on everyone to submit to his Kingship, and to give his life to it …
But we must admit that the notion of King is no longer very common … it sounds
a bit strange for the French today … for centuries, kings have no longer had good
press in France . The last King, Napoleon III, was officially deposed, and the
Republic was established, no doubt because the French are wary of abuses of
power (and it is not only in France that the Kings have disappeared).
However, kingship was more common in Biblical times.
God’s law provided for a king, but it was also wary of the abuses of Kingship.
This Psalm announces a new King, and the New Testament also announces a King … The whole Bible announces A KING CHOSEN BY GOD
The authors of the NT, present Jesus Christ to us as the Christ (the Greek word for
Messiah, Hebrew word, which means The King chosen by God = The King
descending from David, no wonder that the authors of the New Testament see in
the fulfillment of Psalm 110 , when Jesus is risen, and is seated at the right hand
of God, during his ascension.
Today Christ reigns in heaven and earth and over his Church.
In the Christian faith and He who is at the center, we must acknowledge we are
not in a democracy.

We don’t have to get caught up in the promoters of personal development, who
sing to us “you can do whatever you want with your life”.
If we profess the Christian faith, we live in front of someone who must be
considered as the king and of whom we are only the subjects. It is not we who are
on the throne: we are only little people called to live according to the values of
the kingdom. It is not for us to redefine good and evil, the Christian faith and the
rules of the kingdom, or to even think that we are capable of it.
And the only question that merits being asked to someone wanting to be baptized
is: Do you wish to submit to Jesus, your King?
Illustrations of the application: One day a person was interviewing people for a
job. He went to meet the candidate in the waiting room, invited him to precede
him into the office, “come in and sit down.” He watched with amazement as the
candidate sat down behind his desk. « There, sir, it is my place, not yours ».
This is part of what we have to hear when we hear of David and of the new David,
of the reign or kingdom of God or of Christ. We don’t make the rules. In this area,
God does not need our help or our advice, and it is not for us to think that « we
know much better than Jesus, anyway » or to remove from the Bible what bothers
We can live peacefully in the uncertain today, knowing that Christ our King reigns
even though, as the author of the Book of Hebrews indicates, we do not yet see
that all is subject to him.
It is in hope and in faith that we look at the troubled circumstances of our lives to
place our lives in an Almighty King who reigns, and who wants the good of his
people, whom he wishes to lead as a loving Father who takes care for his children,
and to whom we are invited to submit peacefully, because we know that he
wants the best for us.
But this psalm does not announce only that, it is overflowing …
He announces that this King will also be a priest
2 / God swears that this King will be a priest guaranteeing free access to the
Holy God

4 The Lord (YHWH) has taken this oath, he will not take back his word: You are a
priest forever in the manner of Melkizedek
As kingship is not too much in the news today, neither is the priesthood …
especially when you look at the scandals it causes …
One wonders why this oath should be good news …
This time the Psalmist, through the mouth of David, goes beyond all conceptions
of his time. And it no doubt refers to an old biblical tradition.
This time, the word no longer comes in the form of a declaration, but of a Divine
Oath … As if there was a need to support permanence and validity, he indicates
that he will not change his mind. This oath is also reinforced by the mention
« forever », for all time … (v.4)
Perhaps a nod to the promise that was taken from priest Eli (1 Sam 2:30)
And this word « breathes an air of mystery » when it speaks of Melkizedek. (which
is a transliteration, and which in Hebrew means King of Justice)
To understand, a little where this saying comes from … it is necessary to review a
little biblical history …
David had already been king for seven years when he left his base in Hebron and
« went to Jerusalem to attack the Jebusites who lived there » (2S). He « captured
the fortress of Zion … and called it the City of David. » 407
Although the Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem had long been enemies of
Israel, there was still a Tradition about the place that dates back hundreds of
years to the time of Abraham.
With reference to Gen 14: 18-20, Abraham, already a powerful leader, fresh out
of a great military victory, found himself face to face with someone even greater,
in the person of the then King of Jerusalem. To this man, in homage, Abraham
gave a tenth of the spoils of battle. From him he received – what resonances the
words have! – bread and wine, and a blessing; the name of the city at the time
was Salem, and king Melchizedek, so he was both king of peace '' (Salem, from the name of the city) and king of righteousness  » (from the meaning of his given
name) – and, according to the Scriptures, not only a king but also a priest, «  high
priest of God.

The tradition persisted. The name, if not the character, was still there
when Joshua, taking possession of Canaan, found among his adversaries « Adoni-
Zedek [Lord of righteousness] king of Jerusalem. »
Did David, becoming the first Israelite king in Jerusalem, succeed this tradition?
Was David pondering this when he wrote his Psalm? it’s possible…
One thing is however certain …
Much had happened between the time of Abraham and this Psalm. The people
experienced slavery in Egypt, were delivered from it at the time of the exodus,
received God’s law at Sinai, entered the promised land, came under the rule of a
In addition, we must remember the construction of the Tabernacle and the laws
concerning the rites to be performed by the Levites and the high priests from this
tribe. According to the law of Moses (found in the earliest books of the Bible),
only the Levites were entitled to exercise priestly office.
Everything in the law forbade him as King to be a priest… undoubtedly, God knew
the capacity of the men to abuse the power, he wanted to separate the functions
between the King and the servants of the Israelite worship…. (A little like the
judges who cannot be the rulers of our country …)
David understood that this oath to God did not concern him, but it became like a
telescope turned towards the Messiah.
This oath and this oracle became for the Old Testament a subject of hope,
because he would one day see a perfect King, like Melkizedek, both King of Justice
and King of Peace, and having all the functions of a priest. , namely the perfect
intermediary between God and men.
The Author of the Book of Hebrews will see this Psalm 110, and comment on it in
detail to show that Jesus of Nazareth received from God all that is described in
the Psalm.
The service of the priests was to atone for sin through the rites of sacrifice in
order to wash away the defilement. The holiness of God did not allow direct
access of the people, hence intermediaries to allow the people to access the
presence of God …

We find this in all religions today …
Now, there were many problems with this system, the Epistle to the Hebrews
listed for us.
The peculiarity with this Psalm is that it shows a day when there will be a perfect
King and a perfect priest.
Established directly by God forever, unlike priests who would die, his mediation
will always be effective … and we will have perfect access to God through him …
This prophetic psalm is clearly fulfilled with Jesus.
For the Epistle to the Hebrews, he is the King and the priest we expected, the one
who fulfills all that the Old Testament foreshadowed …
Thanks to Jesus Christ, we have free access to God.
We have the big boss’s personal and direct cell phone number. There is now no
need to use the directory or go through the switchboard that would say, « Hello
and welcome to the kingdom of God. In order to facilitate the processing of your
request, please bring your file. To follow up on a prior request, type 1. You
already have an appointment with one of our assistants, type 2. You have a file,
but no meeting, type 3. You have no file, neither go type 4.”
Hearing this, you can be sure of one thing is that whatever number you type in, it
will take you about 20 or more minutes to hear a human voice. “All our lines are
now busy. Our advisors do their best to respond to your call quickly. The waiting
time is estimated at… 95 minutes….”
This Psalm promised it to us, the NT understood that it was fulfilled in Jesus
Christ. And he tells us, if you are looking for God, if you are looking to be led by a
God who loves you, to help you live your way on earth, if you want to be in good
standing with him, then do not go and see, I do not know what human service,
but turn to the only perfect King and priest, who did not offer sacrifices for our
sins, but who literally offered his life as a sacrifice out of love to spare us the
wrath of God (which the Psalm describes).

All the men who will offer you a way for the indescribable, will fool you, there is
only Jesus, who is both Christ and the High Priest since his resurrection and his
The only condition is that He invites us to follow in complete submission. It
implies renouncing all other submissions …
The end of the Psalm provides for a fierce struggle between God and his King, one
wonders how such an image accords with the prince of peace and the words of
To use the metaphor of the expanding Kingdom, the Kingdom of God continues to
progress through conquest, but this conquest is not done by arms but by the truth
of the Gospel which subdues the nations, and moreover it is subversive to the
point that some countries prohibit it … (such as many communist and Islamic
While the image conveyed by the conquest of earthly kings fills the world with
corpses (v. 6), Jesus does so by converting hearts and filling the earth with his
Christ associates us with his battle, but with the weapons of love, service and
In these troubled times, we can look to the one who reigns in heaven, already at
the right hand of God, this Great King and this priest who constantly intercedes on
our behalf so that our faith may resist in the midst of the distresses of our present